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Form Two 2022
Mock Exams from Different Districts, Regions and Organisations in Tanzania
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We every Week upload New Mock Exams in this post
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Exams 1 and Exams 2
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Techniques for Classroom Managenent
1. Be prepared for your teaching day
Even if you aren’t required to submit lesson plans, it doesn’t mean you shouldn’t do them. There’s a lot to manage throughout the day, and not knowing what you are supposed to be teaching can easily destroy a good day. Develop plans that work for your teaching style, accommodate all learners, go along with curriculum standards, and pique the curiosity of your students. It may sound daunting, but the more you do it, the better you’ll get. A well-planned day can make the difference between tired and flat-out exhausted.
2. Avoid Punishing the Whole Class
Punishing the whole class can harm classroom management in the long run because it hurts the students who are behaving correctly. Instead of punishing the whole class, it can help to gently call out students who are misbehaving by engaging them back into the class topic. This can be a question such as, “Do you have a question?” or “Do you need help?” instead of disparaging the student for misbehaving.
3. Maintain authority in the classroom throughout the year
You meant it when you started the year, but it’s easy to relax a bit as the year moves along. When you tell kids to stop talking and get back to work, but you don’t follow through, you are effectively telling them it doesn’t matter that much. This can lead to teachers raising their voices and saying things they regret. You don’t have to be mean; you just have to mean it. So make a list of rules that are effective and really matter to you and then share them with your students. Post them visibly and refer to them often.
4. Make positive phone calls to students’ families
Another important classroom management technique is the positive phone call home. Many teachers fall into the trap of only calling home when there is an issue to report. While these calls are necessary and worthwhile, calls for celebration are equally, if not more, important. Every parent wants to hear positive news about their child, and this reinforcement almost always makes its way back to the student. Try to make one positive call to a different student’s home every single day, even if it’s simply to report on a nice comment a kid made in class. This means so much to parents and students and usually translates to positive classroom behavior as well.
5. Make sure that students understand the why and how behind your rules
Just because you’ve stated, shared, and posted your classroom rules, doesn’t mean students know what they mean. Your version of no talking might be different from theirs. Human beings talk for lots of reasons, so keep appropriate expectations. It might even be okay to joke around a bit as long as a student is staying focused on the task at hand. Some teachers find great success with acting out ways of talking that are effective.
6. Keep A Friendly Disposition
This brings us to the next tip: keeping a friendly disposition in the classroom. This is a mixture of modelling behavior, offering positive comments instead of negative ones, and generally approaching students with a smile and a kind word.
7. See yourself as your students’ mentor, not their friend
We all want to be there for our students, support them through challenges, and make a real difference in their lives. But if you think that being their friend is the way to get there, you’re going to create more problems than you solve. Instead, view yourself as your students’ mentor. This means you’re there to help, support, and guide them, but there’s clear respect, not a peer-to-peer relationship.
8. Focus on being respected rather than being liked
We all want our students to like us, but if we make that our goal, we’re going to run into some serious classroom management problems. Instead, focus on earning your students’ respect and creating a learning environment where they can learn and grow.
Classroom management is the process by which teachers and schools create and maintain appropriate behavior of students in classroom settings. The purpose of implementing classroom management strategies is to enhance prosocial behavior and increase student academic engagement.
Effective classroom management principles work across almost all subject areas and grade levels. When using a tiered model in which school-wide support is provided at the universal level, classroom behavior management programs have shown to be effective for 80-85 percent of all students. More intensive programs may be needed for some students.
Student behaviors like shouting, not paying attention, avoiding work, disrespect, refusal, and engaging in power struggles take your focus away from teaching and students’ focus away from learning. The following classroom management strategies can be used to help maintain student focus and create student consistency around class expectations.
Understand your students
Get to know each student as an individual. Build rapport with them based on trust and understanding. Be sure to let your compassion for each student reflect through your nonverbal behavior and your paraverbal communication.
Focus On Building Relationships
Building healthy student-teacher relationships is essential to establishing a positive, safe classroom environment. Teachers should focus on getting to know their students on a personal level, taking time to learn about each student’s interests, strengths, and needs. Investing in students as individuals’ builds trust and positive relationships between the teacher and students, which is absolutely critical to successful classroom management.
Set Clear Expectations
Setting clear expectations ensures students understand why the rules are important in a classroom community. In the beginning, teachers should take time to create a list of norms or agreements. The class discusses what the classroom should look, feel, and sound like. When students help create the rules and agreements, they have buy-in and are invested in the classroom community they help create.