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Friday, January 5, 2024

Biology Notes for Form Four - KENYA - Download All Topics

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Schemes of Work 2024

Kenya Notes



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Kenya Notes

These notes follow the Kenya Syllabus. The notes have been prepared by qualified professional teachers.

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Notes 1 and Notes 2

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1.   Conceptual understanding is the goal

Memorisation is important with basic information but real learning comes from conceptual understanding. Conceptual understanding in Biology means:

Seeing the “big picture,” the hierarchical structure of biological systems

(e.g. the Calvin cycle is part of the photo-system that is in turn part of photosynthesis).

Being able to understand how and why biological systems function

Knowing not just the definition of terms but why they are important in context.

For instance, you would be able to define glycolysis and explain the role it plays in the larger process of cellular respiration.


2.   Make learning a daily routine.

Repeat study over several shorter periods over different days. Study the material weekly, not just before tests. Leave plenty of time between study and self-testing so you’re not just testing short-term memory and repeat until you know that you can always get them right. Well before an exam, take a subset of the material and study it as if the exam on that topic was tomorrow. Finally, don’t put it off until the night before the exam.

If your professor provides materials ahead of class (e.g., lecture outline, PowerPoint) get them and use them to guide your note-taking.


3.   Have a positive attitude towards biology

Biology can be complicated, but it is also very interesting if you take a step back to think about what you're studying. Having the right attitude can make it more fun to study. It will still be difficult, but if you're interested in what you're learning, it won't feel like such a burden.

It can be helpful to connect biological concepts to real-world situations.

Think about how your body works. How do your muscles work together to allow you to move? How does your brain communicate with those muscles to tell your body to take a step? It's very complex, but all of the cells in your body work together to keep you healthy.

Biology teaches you all about these processes and how they work. That's pretty fascinating if you think about it.