Sunday, December 15, 2019

ENGLISH: FORM SIX - Poem - SHALL COMPARE THEE TO A SUMMER DAY?



SHALL COMPARE THEE TO A SUMMER DAY ?
by William Shakespeare

William Shakespeare (1564 – 1616) was an English poet, playwright, and actor, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's greatest dramatist. He is often called England's national poet and the "Bard of Avon" (or simply "the Bard"). His extant works, including collaborations, consist of some 39 plays, 154 sonnets, two long narrative poems, and a few other verses, some of uncertain authorship. His plays have been translated into every major living language and are performed more often than those of any other playwright.

Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer’s Day? is one of the Fair Youth poems, addressed to a mysterious male figure that scholars have been unable to pin down.

William Shakespeare

Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer’s Day?
by William Shakespeare

Shall i compare thee to a summer’s day?
Thou art more lovely and more temperate,
Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,
And summers lease hath all too short a date.
 
Sometimes too hot the eye of heaven shines,
An often of his gold complexion dimmed,
And every fair from fair sometimes declines.
By change or nature changing course untrimmed.

But they eternal summer shall not fade
Nor lose possession on that fair thou oust
 Nor shall death drag thaw wander’st in this shade
When in external lines to time thaw grows

So long as men can breathe or eyes can see
As long as lives this and this gives life to thee      

Questions
1. What is the subject matter of the poem?
2. Identify the main theme of the poem
3.Comment the mood of the poet
4. Comment on the rhyme scheme.
5.What type of the poem is that?

Answers

1.   Subject matter is love
The subject matter of the poem is love where by the poet talks about his feelings towards a woman, she is compared with a summer’s day, she is more lovely and temperature with a summer’s day, she is more lovely and temperate. In the two last lines (couplet) the poet says so long as men can breathe or eyes can see.
So long as men can breathe or eyes can see meaning so long as life, goes on and many shall pass the woman will never be compared with another.

2. The main theme of the poem is LOVE
The poem is talking about love. The poet has love feelings towards a woman who he describes as the most beautiful and lovely woman. He compares her to summers day. And whatever happens, life goes in but she will always be the best.

3. The poet is in romantic mood as he expresses his feeling towards a woman

4. Rhyme scheme
      abab, cdcd, efef,gg

5. Spencerian sonnet
This sonnet combines the Italian and the Shakespearean poem, it has three quatrains and a couplet but it has linking rhymes among the quaint/trains. The Spenserian sonnet rhymes schema is ababa bcbc ee e.g. however those sonnets are very rare.


EmoticonEmoticon