POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN TANZANIA SINCE INDEPENDENCE
In 1960, many African states began to achieve their political independence which generally has been referred as flag independence, despite the fact that African countries got their independence, still Africa remained indirect penetration of foreign domination, politically, socially, economically and militarily. Political independence had little impact on the life style of the masses that’s why it has been referred to as ceremonial independence or flag independence.
The political independence was largely characterized with political, social and economic problems. These problems were inherited from the colonial economy and colonialism. Such problems include mass illiteracy, poverty, tribalism, poor infrastructures etc.
Tanzania is a Union of two countries namely, Tanganyika and Zanzibar. The union of the two countries was formed on the April 26, 1964 under the guidance of Mwalimu Julius Kambarage Nyerere who became the first President of the union government and Sheikh Abeid Amani Karume who became its first vice president but also retained the Presidency of Zanzibar and Chairmanship of the Revolutionary Council.
Tanganyika got her independence from the British on 9th December 1961 under Julius Nyerere, while Zanzibar got her majority independence after making a revolution against the Sultan rule on 12 January 1964 led by Sheikh Abeid Amani Karume.
The president also had power to dismiss the parliament under certain conditions.