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Thursday, June 27, 2024

ISLAMIC KNOWLEDGE FOR FORM FIVE - ALL TOPICS

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ISLAMIC KNOWLEDGE - FORM FIVE - FULL NOTES




ISLAM AND PRAYING AT MOSQUE 

 

The terms Islam and Muslim come from an Arabic word meaning submission. Therefore, a Muslim is a follower of the Islam religion and means a person who accepts and obeys God's will. Muslims are found across the world. A worldwide community of Muslims is referred to as Ummah.

Muslims believe in one God and are thus monotheistic. The term used to refer to God in Islam is Allah. Allah is believed to be the creator of everything, and he has 99 names that describe his attributes. In addition, Muslims have an Islamic holy book called the Quran with 114 chapters and more than 6000 verses. The Quran is written in Arabic, and it mainly contains a collection of messages/revelations from God (Allah). These revelations were delivered to Prophet Muhammad through the angel Gabriel. Apart from the Quran, Muslims have sacred narratives known as Hadith. Hadith are usually short, and they contain information revolving around the life of Prophet Muhammad and his companions.

 


PRAYING AT MOSQUE


The Muslim place of worship is referred to as a mosque. The term mosque comes from an Arabic word, masjid, meaning a place of prostration. A mosque is architecturally designed and decorated with Islamic figurative arts such as calligraphy, geometric patterns, and arabesque. It can also be defined as the Islam building of worship.

The area where the worshippers gather is known as the prayer hall. The windows and the walls of this area are decorated with geometric patterns and flowers, while the floor is covered with a well-patterned carpet.

There is also a special place on one of the walls that indicates the direction to face while offering prayers known as a mihrab (niche). The direction of prayers is known as qibla. A mosque also has a slender tower known as a minaret, where a person calls people for prayers.

 

1. Mosque is the most beloved place to Allah

Abu Hurairah r.a. reported that the Prophet s.a.w. said,

أَحَبُّ البِلَادِ إلى اللهِ مَسَاجِدُهَا، وَأَبْغَضُ البِلَادِ إلى اللهِ أَسْوَاقُهَا

"The dearest parts on the face of the earth to Allah are its mosques, and the most hated parts to Allah are its markets."

(Sahih Muslim)

The mosques are the most beloved place to Allah as they are the places of gatherings for the believers to worship Allah s.w.t. and there are a lot of good deeds being done in mosques. As for the markets and why they are the most hated parts to Allah is because they are places where people usually conduct dishonest transactions, break promises and they are usually devoid of the remembrance of Allah s.w.t. Such deviances revoke His mercy. Hence, it is not the places per se but the immoralities that were attributed to these places.

 

2. Place Of Worship

Muslims are obligated to pray five times a day. Mosques are the place where the Muslims gather and perform their obligatory prayers. They can perform their obligatory and supererogatory prayer there. Additionally, Mosques are a peaceful space for Muslims where they can worship ALLAH (SWT) and indulge in spirituality.

The Holy Quran says about Mosque

And (He revealed) that the mosques are for Allah, so do not invoke with Allah anyone.”

(Surah Al-Jinn, 72:18)

 

3. Community Gatherings

The Muslims gather in mosques in larger numbers not only for obligatory prayers but also to celebrate other religious events. Friday sermons, Eid gatherings, and other congregational prayers are done in mosques. These gatherings strengthen the bond of Muslims and develop a sense of brotherhood and unity making them a strong community.







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