Class Seven 2021
From Different Districts, Regions and Organisations in Tanzania
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Types of Teaching Aids for Pupils or Students
The teaching aids assist in faster learning, enhance students-teachers’ interaction, make students take active involvement etc. The importance of teaching aids are high as it combines both textual material with visual matter, audio and videos to teach students and it enhances the learning experience of students and teaching experience of teachers. Students tend to learn fast when they are taught with visual representation.
There are many types of teaching educational aids available but only a teacher has to decide with their skills which tool will work for their students.
Flashcards, Pictures, Wall Charts, Real Objects, Maps
Any visual aids the teacher prepares and brings to class will help to make the language more alive.
Pictures can be used for presenting the meaning of new words, for quick drills, for revision, and for encouraging wider discussions.
Word cards will give a variety of presenting the written form of the target language, practice spelling and structures, and sequencing exercises.
Teachers can encourage students to help in preparing or bringing some visual aids or real objects.
All the benefits from cinema or film can also be derived from television, but its scope is much wider than cinema. In today’s modern era, television broadcasts many types of educational programs in addition to entertainment programs to increase the knowledge of children. It is also used by universities like IGNOU and UGC to broadcast various types of educational programs with the help of satellites so that the students can learn.
The use of computers is one of the most used tools in the modern education system. With the help of this electronic device, the education world has got a golden opportunity of learning. The use of computers can be seen not only in the education world but also in different areas of their life.
The board is a visual aid. What is written on the board helps to reinforce learning, so teachers ought to think carefully about what they write (the form of a new word, model sentences, etc.) and how they write it (the position on the board and a good model of handwriting).
Quick drawings on the board are often a good way to show meaning.
Teachers must remember that what is written on the board will be before the students’ eyes for the rest of the lesson unless the teacher removes it, so he should clean the board regularly during the lesson to prevent attention from being focused on what is no longer relevant.
Gestures and Actions
The teacher, himself, is the best visual aid. His facial expressions and body language can convey a lot of meaning to students.
Miming, or doing actions without words, is often a very effective way of showing meaning, and it reduces the amount of explaining or “teacher’s talk”.
Gestures can also be used for quick prompts, for example, present, past, and future; today, tomorrow…etc.
The Course Cassette
This is an essential aid to the teachers. It contains a recording of dialogues, reading texts…. etc. in the Students’ Book by native speakers. References are made to use in each lesson note.
The teacher should play the cassette at home first to familiarize himself with the sound of the language, to give him a good model of pronunciation for his students.
The teacher should play it in class to give a model for the dialogues or to expose his students to the longer reading passages..
Playing the cassette for the listening activities is obviously much better than reading the listening texts by the teacher.
The ground substance is the substance that the student can see and touch. The student inspects and examines by touching and observing matter, which develops the students’ senses, as well as the development of his thinking, understanding and observing power.
Teaching aids are very important in teaching both pupils and students for primary and secondary schools in any country.