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Friday, March 26, 2021

Methali 1500 na Maana zake


 


METHALI 1500 ZA KISWAHILI NA MAANA ZAKE


Kwa Kiswahili na Kiingereza

 

Tumekuwekea Methali katika Makundi 3

Methali 1Methali 2 na Methali 3



METHALI 1


Bonyeza Hapa kusoma vizuri kitabu kinachoonekana hapo chini





METHALI 2 


Bonyeza Hapa kusoma vizuri kitabu kinachoonekana hapo chini





METHALI 3


Bonyeza Hapa kusoma vizuri kitabu kinachoonekana hapo chini





IMPORTANCE OF LEARNING PROVERBS

What is a Proverb?

A proverb is a short saying that is widely used to express an obvious truth. Or, Proverbs are wise sayings that give advice about life. 

They are the gems of wisdom. Proverbs are culturally specific, yet their meaning has the universality; everyone can relate to them in some way and on some level. There is a proverb for almost any situation. We may sometimes not understand a big lecture but we understand a small proverb very easily because the truth they speak can span the globe. They can also give a greater potency to what is being conveyed. For example, in trying to explain the consequences of evil deeds, the proverb “ As you sow, so shall you reap.” teaches the lesson- “You can’t escape the consequences of your actions.”

If you really want to take your English to a higher level, or you want to speak English like a native speaker, it is important to learn as many proverbs as possible.

 

There is a widespread opinion that the proverb plays an important role in language teaching as a part of gaining cultural knowledge, metaphorical understanding and communicative competence.

Proverbs are a part of every language as well as every culture. Proverbs have been used to spread knowledge, wisdom and truths about life from ancient times up until now. They have been considered an important part of the fostering of children, as they signal moral values and exhort common behaviour. Proverbs belong to the traditional verbal folklore genres and the wisdom of proverbs has been guidance for people worldwide in their social interaction throughout the ages. Proverbs are concise, easy to remember and useful in every situation in life due to their content of everyday experiences.

Here there is the general description of the proverb: “A proverb is a short, generally known sentence of the folk which contains wisdom, truth, morals, and traditional views in a metaphorical, fixed and memorizable form and which is handed down from generation to generation.”

According to the paroemiologist  Wolfgang Mieder (2004), proverbs have been used and should be used in teaching as didactic tools because of their content of educational wisdom. When it comes to foreign language learning, proverbs play a role in the teaching as a part of cultural and metaphorical learning. Linguists also claim that the use of proverbs in the teaching of English as a second or foreign language is important for the learners’ ability to communicate effectively.

The use of proverbs and its declining in the teaching of modern languages has long been discussed.

Durbin Rowland (1926) points at some arguments pro the use of proverbs in language teaching. Rowland says that proverbs “stick in the mind”, “build up vocabulary”, “illustrate admirably the phraseology and idiomatic expressions of the foreign tongue”, “contribute gradually to a surer feeling for the foreign tongue” and proverbs “consume very little time”.


Significance of Proverbs in Africa and Beyond

The sayings of Africa are some of the most profound words you’ll ever hear. My mother never fails to throw in a handful of Ibo proverbs to keep in mind and keep me grounded whenever we’re deep in conversations. Take the famous Tanzanian proverb “many hands make light work”. This is a saying that’s been adopted all over the world and encourages people to work together. Another famous example is the Nigerian proverb “It takes a village to raise a child”. These words of wisdom span the globe even appearing in American movies and books. Proverbs have had a great influence on the lifestyles of many people, mainly through means of religion and culture. The word “proverb” from the Latin “pro-verbium” (“pro” meaning “in front of” and “verbium” meaning “word”), suggests that a proverb takes the place of ordinary words. The ways in which proverbs vary from people to people demonstrates the differences between cultures; however it’s common for proverbs to show how very similar people really are. A proverb from Southeast Asia demonstrates this factor. The Malay proverb “Give him your foot and he will demand your thigh” is very similar to the British proverb “Give him an inch and he will take a mile.” The value of African and non African idioms and proverbs is far reaching and there are numerous examples of their benefits.

“…it’s common for proverbs to show how very similar people really are…”

They share with the world the practical wisdom the people have learned in their way of life. The Zulu proverb “You cannot chase two antelope at once” developed when African people found they could only capture one animal at a time because if they tried to focus on more than one, the animals they hunt would all get away. This practical wisdom of tackling one thing at a time applies to people all over the world not just those chasing after wildlife. Proverbs also provide an understanding of the way of life in Africa. The view on gender roles in Africa is summed up by the proverb from Ghana that says “A woman is a flower in a garden; her husband is the fence around it”. Proverbs help to dispel the belief that a people are barbaric and uneducated for there’s often a stigma surrounding people who can’t speak English and aren’t educated in a typical western manner. When these proverbs are translated it’s easy to see the intelligence and life experience the people possess. It also shows that a society and its way of life aren’t superior to that of another society.

It’s often said that a picture can tell a thousand words and proverbs have the ability to explain a thousand words in one simple sentence or statement. There are many long winded essays, articles and papers on how thinking positively is beneficial. The Tanzanian proverb “One who bathes willingly with cold water doesn’t feel the cold” sums this up in one line. In addition to positive thinking, proverbs tend to be uplifting and inspiring. One such example is the Zulu proverb “You should face your responsibilities squarely; no elephant ever found its trunk too heavy”.

The sayings of Africa are some of the most profound words you’ll ever hear. My mother never fails to throw in a handful of Ibo proverbs to keep in mind and keep me grounded whenever we’re deep in conversations. Take the famous Tanzanian proverb “many hands make light work”. This is a saying that’s been adopted all over the world and encourages people to work together. Another famous example is the Nigerian proverb “It takes a village to raise a child”. These words of wisdom span the globe even appearing in American movies and books. Proverbs have had a great influence on the lifestyles of many people, mainly through means of religion and culture. The word “proverb” from the Latin “pro-verbium” (“pro” meaning “in front of” and “verbium” meaning “word”), suggests that a proverb takes the place of ordinary words. The ways in which proverbs vary from people to people demonstrates the differences between cultures; however it’s common for proverbs to show how very similar people really are. A proverb from Southeast Asia demonstrates this factor. The Malay proverb “Give him your foot and he will demand your thigh” is very similar to the British proverb “Give him an inch and he will take a mile.” The value of African and non African idioms and proverbs is far reaching and there are numerous examples of their benefits.

“…it’s common for proverbs to show how very similar people really are…”

They share with the world the practical wisdom the people have learned in their way of life. The Zulu proverb “You cannot chase two antelope at once” developed when African people found they could only capture one animal at a time because if they tried to focus on more than one, the animals they hunt would all get away. This practical wisdom of tackling one thing at a time applies to people all over the world not just those chasing after wildlife. Proverbs also provide an understanding of the way of life in Africa. The view on gender roles in Africa is summed up by the proverb from Ghana that says “A woman is a flower in a garden; her husband is the fence around it”. Proverbs help to dispel the belief that a people are barbaric and uneducated for there’s often a stigma surrounding people who can’t speak English and aren’t educated in a typical western manner. When these proverbs are translated it’s easy to see the intelligence and life experience the people possess. It also shows that a society and its way of life aren’t superior to that of another society.

It’s often said that a picture can tell a thousand words and proverbs have the ability to explain a thousand words in one simple sentence or statement. There are many long winded essays, articles and papers on how thinking positively is beneficial. The Tanzanian proverb “One who bathes willingly with cold water doesn’t feel the cold” sums this up in one line. In addition to positive thinking, proverbs tend to be uplifting and inspiring. One such example is the Zulu proverb “You should face your responsibilities squarely; no elephant ever found its trunk too heavy”.

OTHER ISSUES ON LEARNING PROVERBS


Proverbs change with time and culture. Some old proverbs are not in use any longer because they reflect a culture that no longer exists, e.g. Let the cobbler stick to his last, which has vanished more or less, because the profession of the cobbler nowadays is rare. However, new proverbs that reflect the contemporary society are created instead, e.g. Garbage in, garbage out, a proverb created due to our computerised time. Old proverbs are also used as so called anti-proverbs today, i.e. “parodied, twisted, or fractured proverbs that reveal humorous or satirical speech play with traditional proverbial wisdom”. One example is Nobody is perfect, which as an anti-proverb is changed to No body is perfect.

Work with proverbs and sayings at the lessons not only helps to diversify educational process and to make its brighter and interesting. Moreover it helps to solve a number of very important educational problems: proverbs in the classroom can improve students’ learning experiences, their language skills, and their understanding of themselves and the world. This happens because:

  • Proverbs provide an opportunity for students to be knowledgeable experts as well as learners.
  • Proverbs provide an opportunity for students to learn about each other and their shared values.
  • Proverbs provide an opportunity for students to gain insight as they discuss their experiences and work out their understanding of proverb meanings.
  • Proverbs provide an opportunity for students to use their home culture as a stepping stone into school culture.
  • Proverbs provide an opportunity to improve thinking and writing as students both provide and receive information.

 



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