VIDEOS OF TANZANIA INDEPENDENCE
Following Germany's defeat in World War One (1914-1918), Britain administered the region which it renamed as the 'Tanganyika' region. Following the Second World War, the Tanganyika region was placed under United Nations (UN) trusteeship, which mandated Britain with the development of the region.
Various independent movements emerged around this time, including the Tanganyika Africa National Union (TANU), headed by Julius Nyerere, now the former president of Tanzania. Support for TANU grew, and by 1960, the first elections were planned for Tanganyika. On 9 December 1961, Tanganyika became an independent republic and became known from then on as Tanzania.
In 1962, it became a one party state under Julius Nyerere, following Nyerere's ideologically-driven policy of socialism. The effects of this can still be seen in present-day Tanzania, however, efforts have recently been made to stimulate the economy. 9 December has become known as Tanzania Day and is celebrated annually.
Videos of Tanzania Independence