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Tuesday, May 15, 2018

HISTORY NOTES FOR FORM ONE - ALL TOPICS

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HISTORY NOTES FOR FORM ONE

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Notes B
To view the Notes for Form One, click the following links below: 



AMAZING HISTORICAL SITES IN AFRICA - PART 1


1. Olduvai Gorge

 

This paleoanthropological site is located in the eastern Serengeti Plain, within the Ngorongoro Conservation Area in northern TanzaniaOlduvai Gorge is remarkable for its deposits, which cover a time span from about 2.1 million to 15,000 years ago and have yielded the fossil remains of more than 60 hominins (human ancestors). It has provided the most continuous known record of human evolution during the past two million years. It has also produced the longest known archaeological record of the development of stone tool industries. The famous archaeologist and paleoanthropologist Mary Leakey discovered a skull fragment there in 1959 that belonged to an early hominin.

 

2. Fort Jesus, Kenya

Fort Jesus was a Portuguese fort built in 1593 on Mombasa Island. It was built to secure the safety of the Portuguese living on the East Coast of Africa, and it experienced more turbulence than any other fort in Africa due to the hostilities of interested parties that lived in Mombasa. It was attacked by the Omani Arabs from 1696 to 1698, and was used as barracks for soldiers and a prison by the British between 1837 and 1895. The fort was designed by an Italian architect and engineer, Joao Batista Cairato. It became a museum in 1962, and it is a UNESCO World Heritage Centre for its historical reflection of the Renaissance period and its documentation of the military innovations of the 15th and 16th centuries. The museum is open daily from 8am to 6pm, and entry fees range from $0.99 to $12.

 

3. The Great Pyramid of Giza - Egypt

Perched on the outskirts of the Cairo, the pyramid is easily accessible to any wanderer who wishes to visit the last remaining wonder of the ancient world. This gargantuan tomb was constructed about 4,500 years ago and has stood the test of time, becoming a symbol for Ancient Egyptian culture. With an estimated 2.3 million stones blocks, scientists and archaeologists today are still unsure HOW the ancient Egyptians were physically able to build this mammoth structure. Egypt has over a hundred pyramids, but the Great Pyramid is by far the largest of them all, in fact it is considered one of the largest structures ever built. Pharaohs were believed to be somewhere between humans and the divine, and as such their burial was highly significant. The pyramids’ angled sides pointing towards the sky were designed to aid the Pharaohs soul ascending to the heavens. Tombs were filled with treasures and valuables, to bring with them into the afterlife. This fact has intrigued explorers for hundreds or years, and many have devoted their lives trying to discover hidden pyramids and their accompanying treasure.



HOW TO PRESERVE HISTORICAL INFORMATION - PART 1


A preservation plan for a collection of paper documents, books, or photographs must consider both the physical and the future digital needs of the collection. Together with best practices in storing and the minimal handling of materials, digitization can increase the lifespan of fragile or deteriorating paper documents.


Because handling and use of historical documents risks additional deterioration and damage, an ideal method of true preservation is keeping originals out of common use. This can be done through a combination of physical storage and digital access to reproductions.


Archivists understand that digitization offers many benefits, such as ease of access, faceted search, and wide audience reach, but digitizing paper documents provides far more value to a collection than mere convenience. Proper digitization should be an ongoing part of a paper collection’s preservation plan. The benefits to the physical documents make digitization crucial to maintaining at-risk materials into the future.

 

1.   Form a volunteer group.

Gather fellow residents who care about preserving your community’s recent past places. Working together, you can research and nominate buildings for landmark designation; become your community’s advocate for the recent past and Modern design; create a website and maintain a discussion board; and host tours and other special events (see the next tips).

 

2. Offer tours. 

Tours are a tried-and-true method for building a community’s appreciation for its historic resources and significant architecture. Put together a bus tour that takes guests past Modern structures throughout the neighbourhood. Create a self-guided driving tour accompanied by a booklet that visitors and residents can continue to use. Or set up docent-led tours of noteworthy buildings from the recent past.

 

3. Host special events. 

Special events encourage those interested in mid-century architecture to connect with like-minded people. These can include fundraising events; special exhibits (complete with opening night parties) that feature the architecture and modern heritage of your community; or a lecture series that features local historians, architects, or professors to speaking about the area’s modern architecture.



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