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TOPIC 1 - SOURCES AND IMPORTANCE OF HISTORY
TOPIC 3 - DEVELOPMENT OF ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES AND THEIR IMPACT
TOPIC 4 - DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIAL AND POLITICAL SYSTEM
AMAZING HISTORICAL SITES IN AFRICA - PART 1
1. Olduvai Gorge
paleoanthropological site is located in the eastern Serengeti Plain, within
the Ngorongoro Conservation Area in
northern Tanzania. Olduvai
Gorge is remarkable for its deposits, which cover a time span
from about 2.1 million to 15,000 years ago and have yielded the fossil remains
of more than 60 hominins (human ancestors). It has
provided the most continuous known record of human evolution during the past two
million years. It has also produced the longest known archaeological record of
the development of stone tool industries. The famous
archaeologist and paleoanthropologist Mary Leakey discovered a skull
fragment there in 1959 that belonged to an early hominin.
2. Fort Jesus, Kenya
Jesus was a Portuguese fort built in 1593 on Mombasa Island. It was built to
secure the safety of the Portuguese living on the East Coast of Africa, and it
experienced more turbulence than any other fort in Africa due to the
hostilities of interested parties that lived in Mombasa. It was attacked by the
Omani Arabs from 1696 to 1698, and was used as barracks for soldiers and a
prison by the British between 1837 and 1895. The fort was designed by an
Italian architect and engineer, Joao Batista Cairato. It became a museum in
1962, and it is a UNESCO World Heritage Centre for its historical reflection of
the Renaissance period and its documentation of the military innovations of the
15th and 16th centuries. The museum is open daily from 8am to 6pm, and entry
fees range from $0.99 to $12.
3. The Great Pyramid of Giza - Egypt
on the outskirts of the Cairo, the pyramid is easily accessible to any wanderer
who wishes to visit the last remaining wonder of the ancient world. This
gargantuan tomb was constructed about 4,500 years ago and has stood the test of
time, becoming a symbol for Ancient Egyptian culture. With an estimated 2.3
million stones blocks, scientists and archaeologists today are still unsure HOW
the ancient Egyptians were physically able to build this mammoth structure.
Egypt has over a hundred pyramids, but the Great Pyramid is by far the largest
of them all, in fact it is considered one of the largest structures ever built.
Pharaohs were believed to be somewhere between humans and the divine, and as
such their burial was highly significant. The pyramids’ angled sides pointing
towards the sky were designed to aid the Pharaohs soul ascending to the
heavens. Tombs were filled with treasures and valuables, to bring with them
into the afterlife. This fact has intrigued explorers for hundreds or years,
and many have devoted their lives trying to discover hidden pyramids and their
PRESERVE HISTORICAL INFORMATION - PART 1
preservation plan for a collection of paper documents, books, or photographs
must consider both the physical and the future digital needs of the collection.
Together with best practices in storing and the minimal handling of materials,
digitization can increase the lifespan of fragile or deteriorating paper
handling and use of historical documents risks additional deterioration and
damage, an ideal method of true preservation is keeping originals out of common
use. This can be done through a combination of physical storage and digital
access to reproductions.
understand that digitization offers many benefits, such as ease of access,
faceted search, and wide audience reach, but digitizing paper documents
provides far more value to a collection than mere convenience. Proper
digitization should be an ongoing part of a paper collection’s preservation
plan. The benefits to the physical documents make digitization crucial to
maintaining at-risk materials into the future.
1. Form a
fellow residents who care about preserving your community’s recent past places.
Working together, you can research and nominate buildings for landmark
designation; become your community’s advocate for the recent past and Modern
design; create a website and maintain a discussion board; and host tours and
other special events (see the next tips).
are a tried-and-true method for building a community’s appreciation for its
historic resources and significant architecture. Put together a bus tour that
takes guests past Modern structures throughout the neighbourhood. Create a
self-guided driving tour accompanied by a booklet that visitors and residents
can continue to use. Or set up docent-led tours of noteworthy buildings from
the recent past.
Host special events.
Special events encourage those interested in mid-century architecture to connect with like-minded people. These can include fundraising events; special exhibits (complete with opening night parties) that feature the architecture and modern heritage of your community; or a lecture series that features local historians, architects, or professors to speaking about the area’s modern architecture.