Saturday, May 26, 2018

ENGLISH: FORM ONE: Topic 2 - GIVING DIRECTIONS

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TOPIC 2: GIVING DIRECTIONS

Giving direction helps to show where someone he/she want to reach also through this topic students could have a knowledge on how to ask for directions and identify the four points of a compass; The Common words (prepositions) used includes: left, right, straight, crossing, opposite, near to, in front of, beside, behind, under, adjacent to, between, on, in, to, by, at, into, onto, etc. for different situations.

The main purpose of this topic is to give compass direction mainly four cardinal points i.e. East, West, North, South.

The compass is instrument for find direction. It has magnetized needle which sits on a face. The face has different directions drawn on it. The needle always points to the magnetic north. The compass sometimes called Magnetic compass.
 
Compass Direction

Words Used when Giving Directions
Go straight
Cross bridge
Turn left
Keep straight
Turn right
You will see
Cross junction
Walk along

Important Issues when Giving Directions
1. Use basic English to offer directions.
2. Short phrases are best.
3. Speak slowly.
4. Use clear pronunciation.
5. Spell out words if necessary.

Asking for and giving directions

Rehema: Excuse me could you tell me the way to the pharmacy?

Suzy: yes, it’s that the way, just go straight away after two houses turn left, it’s on the corner opposite the post office.

Rehema: Thanks, I’ have only been in town for a few days, so I really
don’t know my way around yet

Suzy: Oh! I know how you feel. I was born in this town so I know where everything is.

In giving directions:

1. Use transitions: After that, then, next, when you get to……… go

2. Specify distance: Some people feel better knowing how long it will take to get to 3. their destination, example "it’s about five minutes away."

4. Use landmarks: "You will see large clock", "You will see blue large building."

5. More useful language: It’s on [street name], It's opposite ...., It’s near.....

6. Repeat yourself: If you repeat the direction again, the other person will feel comfortable.

7. ClarifyMake sure that the person understands your directions, example "did you get all that?"

8. Don’t guessI am sorry, I'm not from here, I'm afraid I can’t help you."

Exercise
Locating places Discuss the location of the school
1. Where the school situated in Tanzania? (north, south, East, west or central)
2. Is it in town or in the country side?
3. Are there any houses, shops or offices nearby?
4. How many roads lead to the school?
5. Do the roads leading to your school have name?


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