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These notes follow the Kenya Syllabus. The notes have been prepared by qualified professional teachers.
Notes 1 and Notes 2
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THE BEST MOUNTAINS IN KENYA - PART 1
1. Mount Kenya
Kenya, about 10 miles south of the equator and 90 miles northeast of Nairobi,
is the tallest mountain in Kenya. Set
Kenya National Park, which was established to protect the mountain, it is
also the second tallest mountain in Africa, second only to Tanzania’s Mount
Kilimanjaro. The mountain stands at a total height of 5199 meters (17,057 feet)
Kenya is unique in that it actually features twin peaks which are usually snow-capped.
The entire mountain, in fact, receives substantial snow, and provides fresh
water to almost seven million people across Kenya. Home to elephant, buffalo,
lion, leopard, antelope and other species.
2. Mount Elgon
Elgon is Kenya’s second tallest peak after Mount Kenya. It is located on the
western Kenya-Uganda border. It may not be the highest, but it has a few
distinguishing features of its own. It features one of the world’s largest
calderas or volcanic craters, and its summit is a flat-topped plateau of
basalt. It stands at a total height of 13,852 feet (or 4,155 meters). Lava tube
tunnels dot the mountain, which is a favourite haunt of local elephants and
buffaloes. Eagles, rhinos, duikers, and leopards live in the national park that
surrounds Mount Elgon.
3. Mount Longonot
Mount Longonot is a stratovolcano located southeast of Lake Naivasha in the Rift Valley. A forest of small trees covers the crater floor, and small steam vents are found spaced around the walls of the crater. The mountain is home to various species of wildlife, notably zebra, giraffe, buffalos and hartebeest.