PRESENT PERFECT TENSE
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The Meaning of Present Perfect Tense
The present perfect tense is used when talking about experiences from the past, a change or a situation that has happened in the past but is still continuing today.
This tense is used to show a link between the present and past and is commonly used in everyday conversations, in the news, on the radio, and when writing letters.
This tense is an important part of English grammar since it demonstrates that actions or events in the past have an effect on the present situation.
The present perfect tense refers to an action or state that either occurred at an indefinite time in the past (e.g., we have talked before) or began in the past and continued to the present time (e.g., he has grown impatient over the last hour).
This tense is formed by have/has + the past participle.
|subject||+||auxiliary have||+||main verb|
|conjugated in Present Simple|
|have, has||past participle|
|subject||auxiliary verb||main verb|
The car has
|I have seen an alien.|
He has lived in Bangkok.
Have you been there?
We have never eaten caviar.
|The action or state was in the past.||In my head, I have a memory now.|
|I have bought a car.|
|Last week I didn’t have a car.||Now I have a car.|
|John has broken his leg.|
|Yesterday John had a good leg.||Now he has a bad leg.|
|Has the price gone up?|
|Was the price $1.50 yesterday?||Is the price $1.70 today?|
|The police have arrested the killer.|
|Yesterday the killer was free.||Now he is in prison.|
|I have worked here since June.|
He has been ill for 2 days.
How long have you known Tara (for)?
|The situation started in the past.||It continues up to now.||(It will probably continue into the future.)|
|a period of time||a point in past time|
|– – – – – – – – – – – –||– • – – – – – – – – – –|
|a long time||I left school|
|ever||the beginning of time|
More Examples about Present Perfect Tense
Watch the following Videos:
Quiz - Present Perfect Tense