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PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE
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The Meaning of Present Perfect Continuous Tense
The present perfect continuous or present perfect progressive is a verb tense which is used to show that an action started in the past and has continued up to the present moment.
The present perfect continuous is used to refer to an unspecified time between 'before now' and 'now'. The speaker is thinking about something that started but perhaps did not finish in that period of time. He/she is interested in the process as well as the result, and this process may still be going on, or may have just finished.
The present perfect continuous usually emphasizes duration, or the amount of time that an action has been taking place.
The present perfect continuous tense (also known as the present perfect progressive tense) shows that something started in the past and is continuing at the present time. The present perfect continuous is formed using the construction has/have been + the present participle (root + -ing).
|I have been||I’ve been|
|You have been||You’ve been|
|He has been|
She has been
It has been
John has been
The car has been
The car’s been
|We have been||We’ve been|
|They have been||They’ve been|
|I’m tired because I‘ve been running.|
|Recent action||Result now|
|I have been reading for 2 hours.|
|Action started in past.||Action is continuing now.|
|a period of time||a point in past time|
|– – – – – – – – – – – –||– • – – – – – – – – – –|
|ages||I left school|
|ever||the beginning of time|
Look at these example sentences using for and since with the Present Perfect Continuous tense:
- I've been living in London for two years.
- She's been working here since 2004.
- We've been waiting for the bus for hours.
- I've been going to the gym a lot recently.
- They've been living with his mother while they look for a house.
- I've been reading a lot recently.
3: Actions which have recently stopped (though the whole action can be unfinished) and have a result, which we can often see, hear, or feel, in the present. We don't use a time word here.
- I'm so tired, I've been studying.
- I've been running, so I'm really hot.
- It's been raining so the pavement is wet.
More Examples of Present Perfect Continuous Tense
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