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Friday, June 8, 2018

ENGLISH: FORM ONE: Topic 9 - TALKING ABOUT PAST EVENTS/ACTIVITIES

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TOPIC 9: TALKING ABOUT PAST EVENTS/ ACTIVITIES

This give a particular form of verb endings it is sometimes called Past Tense
Note: common adverb like Last week, yesterday etc.

Example:
My brother got married last Friday
Last week they closed the school

EXPRESSING PAST ACTIVITIES

Narrating One's Character

We closed school for the holidays and I was both excited and nervous. I was anxious to see my father and mother so I called my mother to tell her that I would be leaving for home Friday morning. The journey home went well and I saw beautiful landscapes like Mount Usambara. We arrived in Arusha City at 4:30 pm and found my father and young brother waiting for me at the bus station. I was very happy to see them! Once home, I did many activities such as going to shamba, washing dishes, watering the garden and visiting my friends. I really enjoyed my holiday!

Tense is expressed by verbs. These verbs in the past tense be have with regular ending with-ed,-ed, and others behave with irregular ending. Example see-saw, get-got, cut-cut.

Adverbs that Show Past Tense

1. Yesterday - I saw him yesterday

2. Last - we were at club last Friday

3. Ago - they met two years ago

4. Previous - she experienced this problem from the previous.

Such characteristics of irregular verb also apply to helping or modal verbs
Note: the past tense of the above modal helping verbs are common in conditional clauses that is if……… then…………..

Structure
Past perfect tense
Format
Subject + had + verb in participle

Examples:
I had seen several football games
I had done the job

Structure
Adjective: is a word that is used to describe a noun or a pronoun

General Classification of Adjectives

1. Adjectives of colour
e.g. black, yellow, green, purple, orange, red

2. Adjectives of size and shape
e.g. small, giant, round, etc

3. Adjectives of quantity
e.g. many, few, little, much

4. Adjectives of age
e.g. old, new, middle, young.

5. Proper adjectives or adjectives of origin
e.g. African, Kenyan, French

6. Adjective of use
e.g. useful, useless

ORDER OF ADJECTIVE

Where there is more than one adjective before a noun in a sentence, the order of adjectives is as follows:

a) 1 st adjective - Describes the number (Quantity)
b) 2 nd adjective - Describes the general size and shape

c) 3 rd adjective - Describes age
d) 4 th adjective - Describes colour

e) 5 th adjective - Describes where it comes from (origin)
f) 6 th adjective - Describes what is made up of

g) 7 th adjective - Noun





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