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GEOGRAPHY NOTES FOR FORM ONE
To view the Notes for Form One, click the following links below:
TOPIC 1 - CONCEPT OF GEOGRAPHY
TOPIC 2 - THE SOLAR SYSTEM
TOPIC 3 - MAJOR FEATURES OF THE EARTH’S SURFACE
TOPIC 4 - WEATHER
TOPIC 5 - CLIMATE
TOPIC 6 - MAP WORK
AMAZING GEOGRAPHICAL PLACES IN AFRICA - PART 1
1. Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania
At 19,341 feet (5,895 meters) above sea level, Mount Kilimanjaro, a dormant volcano, is Africa’s highest mountain and the highest free-standing mountain in the world. The name ‘Kilimanjaro’ means ‘The Mountain of God’. But to many, the mountain is simply referred to as “Kili.” Kilimanjaro actually comprises three summits – Kibo, Mawenzi, and Shira. Kibo is the one that gets all the photographic attention and forms the iconic backdrop to many photographs of Mount Kilimanjaro National Park.
Its gentle slopes mean that people can hike to the top. However, the lack of difficult climbing does not change the effects of rapid altitude changes, and it is common to develop altitude sickness while hiking to the top. From the base to the summit, Kilimanjaro contains many vegetation zones, and a variety of plants and animals can be seen which inhabit the zones.
2. Table Mountain, South Africa
Table Mountain, Afrikaans Tafelberg, flat-topped mountain in southwestern South Africa, overlooking Cape Town and Table Bay and dominating the northern end of the high, rocky Cape Peninsula. Its tabular shape results from nearly horizontal layers of sandstone exposed by vigorous wind and water erosion. The distinctive-looking mountain is one of Cape Town’s most recognized landmarks and is a popular tourist attraction that offers hiking, camping, and other activities.
3. Victoria Falls
This spectacular Southern African waterfall, considered to be among the greatest in the world, is located along the Zambezi River and straddles the border between Zambia and Zimbabwe. The awe-inspiring nature of the waterfall is in part due to its enormous width—more than 5,500 feet (1,700 meters). The waters plunge as far as some 355 feet (108 meters) down and drop not into an open basin but into a dramatic-looking chasm. Victoria Falls is known for its veil of mist visible from miles away; the name given to the falls by an indigenous group is Mosi-oa-Tunya (“The Smoke That Thunders”). Victoria Falls and the adjoining areas were collectively designated a World Heritage site in 1989.